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European Union

作者:无锡市北高中 来源:无锡市北高中 发布时间:2010年10月29日 点击数:

Teaching Aims:

1.     The students will know the elementary knowledge: the existence of the European Communities; .

2.     The students will understand the reason and the influence of the economy of Western Europe .

3.     The students will realize the regional alliance is useful to the balance and development.

4.     The students will develop their abilities of analysis and compare.

 Teaching Approach:

Bilingual teaching; Discussion; Reading

 Teaching Aids:

Original documents

 Focus & Difficult Point:

1.     Focus: the existence of European Communities.

2.     Difficult point: the reason of the economy of Western Europe.

 Writing on the blackboard

European Communities

I.Background:

Why did Western Europe want to unite together?

   i. the result of WWII

   ii.the background of Cold War

   iii.The relationship of geography

II.Process:

How to form the European Communities?

III.Effect

Who was appointed to be the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (S.C.A.P)?

What were the contents and effects of its reformation?

when was USA’s public occupation over?

Why did its economy rise rapidly?

 I. Introduction:

Last week I gave you some homework. Please look at the blackboard. There are some pictures. They are collected by some students here. Now we will listen carefully to the introductions about these pictures.

The first one:

1. Flag:

This is the European Union flag.  The background is the blue sky. How many stars on the flag? (Twelve). There are twelve golden stars. They form a circle. The circle means the union of the peoples of Europe. Why is it twelve? Twelve means perfection and completeness. Since 1986 the flag has been used as the European Union flag by the Council of Europe.

 Next:

2.Headquarters:

Belgium is a small country but it holds a special place. It is situated at the heart of Europe. It is the institutions of the European Union and the headquarters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).This is the building of the Headquarters of European Union in Brussels,Belgium.

 Then:

3.Posters:

On the 9th of May 1950, Schuman presented on the creation of an organized Europe. Today, the 9th of May has become a European symbol (Europe Day). And it is along with the single currency (the euro), the flag of the European Union. Europe Day becomes a festival that brings Europe closer to its citizens and peoples of the Union closer to one another.

 

At last:

4. Euro:

On 1 January 2002 the euro was in the hands of the people. Euro has 15 denominations. 7 paper moneys, 8 coins . Euro’s symbol is the alphabet: C, and two horizons across it. It means the abundance history of Europe. The European Union is composed of 15 member states, only 11 have adopted the euro. The creation of the euro will encourage cooperation and harmony.

 II. Establishment of European Communities:

Good job! We know the flag, the headquarters, the Europe Day and Euro. Nowadays, the European Union has become the biggest economic organization. How did it form at the beginning? Let’s go back to the history of European Union.

 1Background

    After WWII, the economy of Western Europe fell. These European nations were eager to develop economy again. So they wanted to unite together.

QWhy did Western Europe want to unite together(板书)

Now read your books。And then tell me why?

A:student answers.

Let‘s look at the details.

(1)   the result of WWII(the Second World War):

QDo you still remember how many battlefronts in WWII

A:Five。

QWhat were they

A:Asia、Western Europe、USSR and Germany、Africa、Pacific。

So we clearly know that the Western Europe was one of the battlefront in WWII.and was destroyde by the war.

(2)the background of Cold War:

QWhat was the most important task after WWII?

A:Make economic can rapid recovery。

Marshall Plan help the Weston Europe .Although controled the Weston Europeis the plan′s pupose.the plan helped theWeston Europe to developing economic objectively. With the rapid increase of political economy status in Western Europe, Western countries both from the United States to control, and ensured their safety and international status, Against the Soviet forces, and developed economic continue.

随着西欧政治经济地位迅速提高,西欧国家既有摆脱美国控制的愿望,也要保证自己的安全和国际地位,增强抗衡苏联的力量,继续发展经济,这就是西欧国家的根本利益,也是西欧国家走向联合的主要原因。

(3)Geography and history:

(老师拿出地图P35)

QLook at the mapCould you tell me what is the relationship of Western European nations

A:地理和历史的因素使西欧各国形成千丝万缕的联系。从地理位置看,西欧这些国家连成一片,这是联合的一个有利条件。此外,从历史关系上看,公元843年, 法兰西、德意志、意大利都同属于查理曼帝国。因而,有着千丝万缕的联系。

因而,面对美苏冷战对峙,西欧只有走联合自强的道路,才足以在国际政治格局向多极化发展的趋势中有其重要地位。

 2Process

Q:How to form the European Communities(板书)?

I’ll give you a piece of paper。 After reading,complete the following table。Give you 5 minutes。

European Communities

One of the first initiatives was the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) established by the Treaty of Paris in 1951. On 9 May ,1950 Robert Schuman, the French Foreign Minister, proposed the “Schuman Plan”. Belgium, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands joined France and Germany in setting up the ECSC.

In 1957 the six members of the ECSC formed the European Economic Community (EEC) and began the process of developing a common market for goods and services. The Treaties of Rome, signed in March 1957, created the EEC and the European Atomic Energy Community(Euratom).

In 1967, ECSC、EEC and Euratom merged into European Communities(EC). Brussels ,The capital of Belgium , was often regarded as the capital of the European Communities.  Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom joined in 1973; Greece in 1981; Portugal and Spain in 1986; and Austria, Finland and Sweden in 1995.

In Nov 1993, EC developed to the European Union (EU). The term "European Union" was introduced by the Maastricht Treaty in Nov 1993. And now brings together 15 countries in EU.

In 1999, the Euro is officially launched. Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain adopt the euro as their official currency.

Read and complete the following table in English:

 

France、West Germany、Belgium、 Italy、 Luxembourg 、the Netherlands

 

 

1951 ECSC

 

 

1957EEC

 

 

1957Euratom

 

 

1957 Treaties of Rome

 

 

1967 EC

 

 

Denmark、Ireland、UK、Greece、Portugal、Spain

 

 

1993 EU

 

 

Austria、 Finland、 Sweden

 

 Q: We know that the UK joined the EC in 1973.  UK had the great power in Europe. Why did it join so late? Discuss in pairs, then let’s have a plenary discussion.

(学生讨论)

A: 其实早在1961年英国就提出加入共同体,但是由于它同美国历史上保持的“特殊关系”,一直未能获准参加,英国出于自身利益的考虑,开始靠拢法国等西欧国家。在这种情况下,欧共体六国和英国于1970年后多次谈判,1973年开始成为欧共体正式成员。

(英国为了自身的利益,长期追随美国,而欧盟建立的目的就是对抗美国,所以英国很长一段时间没有加入)

 

3Effect

OK,now let‘s see the effect of EU.

QWhat is the effect of EULet’s read the document.

1971年美国总统尼克松的一次演说)他说25年前“我们当时在军事上是世界第一。由于我们垄断着原子武器,甚至没有任何一个国家曾向我们挑战。当然,我们那时在经济上也远远超过别国,处于世界第一。事实上,美国当时的生产占全世界总产量的50%以上。……从经济学角度来说,现在美国已不再是惟一的世界第一流国家,已经不再是力量超群的世界强国,世界上也不再只有两个超级大国。……所以现在我们有了三个力量中心——美国、西欧和日本。西欧和日本都是美国非常强有力的竞争对手。朋友,是的。盟国,是的。但是他们正在与我们竞争,在经济领导地位的问题上,他们在全世界同我们竞争非常激烈”。

A:to Weston Europe 对西欧而言

(1)  Promoting economic development in Western Europe 促进西欧经济发展。

(2)  To strengthen the international affairs. To improve the international status of Western Europe.加强对国际事务的影响。提高了西欧的国际地位。

(3)  To maintain peace and security of Western Europe. Push the multi-polarization tendency of development有利于维护西欧的和平和安全,推动了多极化趋势的发展。

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