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Postwar Japan

作者:无锡市北高中 来源:无锡市北高中 发布时间:2010年10月29日 点击数:

Teaching Aims:

1.The students will know the elementary knowledge: the economy of postwar Japan.

2.The students will understand the reason and the influence of the economy ofpostwar Japan.

3.The students will realize the regional alliance is useful to the balance and development.

4.The students will develop their abilities of analysis and compare.

 Teaching Approach:

Bilingual teaching; Discussion; Reading

 Teaching Aids:

Original documents

 Focus & Difficult Point:

1.Focus: the economy of postwar Japan

2. Difficult point: the reason of the economy of postwar Japan.

 

 

When Western Europe raised its international standing, how about Japan?

Now let’s study this part----Postwar Japan.

I give you several minutes to read this part. And think about these questions: do it in pairs. OK,let’s begin.

 

Who was appointed to be the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (S.C.A.P)盟军总司令?

What were the contents and effects of its reformation

when was USA’s public occupation over

Why did its economy rise rapidly

 

1之前,日本有过哪几次改革?中世纪的大化改新和近代的明治维新。

40年代以来日本在美国占领之下又进行了一次民主改革。

QWho was appointed to be the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (S.C.A.P)盟军总司令?

A:General MacArthur。

QWhat was the contents of its reformation

A:(学生回答)

QWhat was the effects of its reformation

A:(学生回答)积极的和消极的作用。

Qwhen was USA’s public occupation over

A:In 1951. The Treaty of San Francisco was signed. In 1952, Japan occupied public has formally independent.

1951年旧金山和约(The Treaty of San Francisco)签订。1952年美国结束对日本的公开占领,日本取得形式上的独立。

QWhy did its economy rise rapidly

After entering in the 1950s, With the establishment of the People's Republic of China and Korean war erupted, U.S. policy on Japan gradually changed.进入50年代之后,随着中华人民共和国的成立、朝鲜战争的爆发、美苏对峙越益加剧以及亚太地区形势的变化,美国逐步改变对日本的政策,此时美国对日本的政策转为什么?

(积极扶植、重新武装)

目的是什么?

(把日本变成它在亚太地区的反共基地和得力助手)如:给日本大量经济援助,为日本提供核保护伞,向日本订购大量的军事物资等,促进了日本经济的发展。

(3)Document据统计,1960年~1970年间,日本的工业生产年均增长16%,国民生产总值年平均增长11.3%。1968年,日本的国民生产总值超过联邦德国,成为仅次于美国的资本主义世界第二号经济大国。1986年,日本的黄金储备达到421亿美元,位居世界第二;1987年,日本的外汇储备超过联邦德国,居世界首位,1988年,日本的人均收入达1.9万美元,超过同期美国的1.8万美元。1988年,根据权威的美国《商业周报》统计,世界排名前30名的大公司中,日本占了22家。

 

Q: Why did its economy rise rapidly(Student answers.)

A: The reasons why the government is the main reason in Japan the high-speed economic development.

在日本经济高速发展的诸多原因中,美国的扶植是最主要的原因。

2Along with the economic strength, Japan's desire to become a political power requirements more and more strongm. Because TianHuangZhi is reserved and Militarism is still exist, We should maintain a high level of risk to Japanese militarism.

.随着经济实力的增强,日本在谋求政治自立基础上,要求成为政治大国的欲望越演越烈。由于天皇制的保留、军国主义根子的未彻底根除,日本多次发生“教科书事件”、首相参拜靖国神社等。日本右翼势力在亚太地区的活跃活动,这不能不引起深受日本军国主义之害的中国和其他亚太地区也包括珍惜和平的日本人士的关注。我们应该对日本军国主义复辟的危险保持高度的警惕。

Now let’s welcome two students to introduce these things.

 

IVSummarization

Through the democratic reforms, partly eliminated the fascist militarism and feudal remnants. American economic aid and military protection etc.Janpan′s economic rise rapidly . Meanwhile, to seek political powers.

日本经过民主改革,部分消除法西斯军国主义和封建残余,加之美国的经济援助和军事保护等因素,经济高速增长,与此同时,竭力谋求政治大国之路。

 

Postscript:

Vocabulary:

Headquarters          总部

Western Europe        西欧

European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC)   欧洲煤钢共同体

Schuman Plan          舒曼计划

European Economic Community (EEC)         欧洲经济共同体

The Treaties of Rome   罗马条约

European Atomic Energy Community(Euratom)欧洲原子能共同体

European Communities(EC)                欧共体

Brussels               布鲁塞尔

European Union (EU)   欧洲联盟(欧盟)

Maastricht Treaty      马斯特里赫特条约

Euro                   欧元

Postwar Japan         战后的日本

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (S.C.A.P) 盟军总司令

Reformation           改革

The Treaty of San Francisco                   旧金山和约

 

   In this lesson, we learned about the second world----Western Europe and Japan. From WWII to now, the compare of the economy of the main capitalist countries occurred the important changes:

I. The position of USA was more weaker than before.

II. The economy of Western Europe recovered and developed.

III. The economy of Japan developed rapidly. It became the second economic country in the world.

 

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