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The Second Industrial Revolution

作者:无锡市北高中 来源:无锡市北高中 发布时间:2010年10月29日 点击数:

* Teaching Aims  教学目标:

I.  The students will know the inventions in the Second Industrial Revolution. Thestudents will know the pollution from the Second Industrial Revolution .

(知道第二次工业革命中的发明创造以及从第二次工业革命开始后的污染问题。)

II. The students will realize the great influences of the Second Industrial Revolution from the pictures and primary documents.

   (从展示的图片及所发的原材料中领悟第二次工业革命的重大影响。)

III. The students will develop their abilities of analysis, discussion and cooperation in groups.

   (培养学生的分析、讨论和团队合作能力。)

IV.  The students will feel the importance of them: “science and technology are the first productive forces” and “the good relationships between man and nature”.

     (学生能够体会到“科技是第一生产力”以及“人与自然的和谐关系”对每一个人的重要性。)

*Bilingual Aims双语目标:

I.   The students will know the English name of these inventions from the game and students’ introductions, just like: light bulb, aeroplane, air conditioning, extra-dynamite, Edison battery and so on.

(学生知道有关第二次工业革命的一些英语单词,比如:电灯泡、飞机、空调、炸药、电池等。)

II.  The students will describe the important inventions by the courseware.

    (学生能够运用课件简单描述重要的发明创造。)

III.  The students will immerge into the bilingual environment.

(使学生浸身于双语环境中。)

Key Point and Difficult Point 重点与难点:

  *Key Point重点: inventions in the Second Industrial Revolution(第二次工业革命的发明创造)

  *Difficult Point难点:the influence of the Second Industrial Revolution(第二次工业革命的影响)

Teaching and studying methods教学方法:

Bilingual teaching, group works, discussion(双语、团队合作、讨论)

Teaching Aid教学用具:

Multimedia courseware(Powerpoint, Authorware, video)(多媒体课件及视频)

Teaching Process教学过程:

Part One: Game

   (第一部分: 游戏)目的:了解第二次工业革命的众多发明创造。

Part Two: Mini World Exposition

   (第二部分:迷你世博会)

Group one: Knocking at the Door of Modern Science----Wheels and Wings

(第一小组:叩响现代科技的大门---车轮与翅膀)

Group two: The Power of Electricity

(第二小组:电的威力)

Group three: Disaster or Delight?

(第三小组:灾难还是快乐?)

  Part Three: Discussion--The Influences of the Second Industrial Revolution (Primary Documents)

(第三部分:讨论—第二次工业革命的影响)   原始材料

  Part Four:  Conclusion

    (第四部分:小结)

i. Science and technology are the first productive forces.

    (科技是第一生产力)

ii.  The good relationships of man and nature.

(人与自然的和谐统一关系)

T: First, let’s have a warming-up game. I have already divided you into eight groups. 

Now I will show you some pictures. But only 1 second between two pictures. 

You just look. Don’t write down anything. 

After showing, put up your hands to tell me the English names of these items.

S: Yes.

T: Ok, are you ready?

S: Yes.

T: Go!

[Show the pictures one by one, 1 second between two pictures]

T:What did you see just now?

S: [answer]

 

T: The first one is….

S: Typewriter.

 T: The second is….

S: Camera.

T: Yes.

 T: The next is….

S: Shaver.

T: The next is…

S: Zipper.

T: Yes.

 T: The next is…

S: Light bulb.

T: Who was the inventor of light bulb?

S: Edison.

 T: What is this?

S: Air conditioning.

 T: The next is….

S: Dishwasher.

 T: Next.

S: Electric fan.

 T: Next.

S: Telephone.

T: Who was the inventor?

S: Bell

T: What is the next?

S: Eiffel Tower.

T: In which city?

S: Paris.

 T: Next.

S: Airship.

 T: The next is…

S: Motor Tricycle.

 T: This is…

S: Edison battery.

T: Who was the inventor?

S: Edison.

T: What is this?

S: Extra-dynamite.

T: Who was the inventor?

S: Nobel.

T: Yes.

T: The next is…

S: Coca Cola.

T: This is the first bottle of Coca Cola. 

T: This is….

S: Disc record.

 T: And the last one is…

S: Aeroplane .

T: Who was the inventor?

S: Wright Brothers.

 T: Well done.

 T:All these items were invented in the Second Industrial Revolution.

 By the late of the 19th century, the Second Industrial Revolution had changed our world.

 II. World Expo:

T: During the Second Industrial Revolution there were three World Expos to show the achievements. As we know, there will be a World Expo in Shanghai. Do you know in which year?

S: 2010.

T: Good. Look at this picture. This is the poster of Shanghai World Expo in 2010.

中国如有一份幸运,世界将添一片异彩。

T: And next poster is very popular on TV and street.

“Bring our wishes into reality.” From these posters we can know the purpose of Shanghai World Expo.

Last two weeks, I asked all of you to prepare a small world expo to introduce the inventions and creations in the Second Industrial Revolution. Four parts: topic, mark, host city and contents.

Now let’s warmly welcome some groups to introduce their World Expo about the Second Industrial Revolution.

 [after group one]

T: Very nice. Diesel engine developed transport. And the daily life is more convenient than before. You can go to anywhere by cars and aeroplanes. As we know , what is the most important invention in the Second Industrial Revolution?

S: Light bulb.

T: Good, so we called the Second Industrial Revolution “ the Age of Electricity” .Now let’s warmly welcome Li Xin to introduce the inventions in electricity.

 [after group two]

T: Thanks a lot. Just like Li Xin said the electricity is very important to our daily life. Could you tell me how many things need electricity in this room? What are they?

S: Air conditioner, electric light, projector, computer, watch, mobilephone, pickup camera and so on.

T: Great! But there is an interesting thing, Group Three prepared their World Expo in another side. What is it? Please listen to the speech.

 [after group three]

 III. Influences:

T: Amazing! Well done!

Yes, just like the last group said the second industrial revolution was disaster or delight? 

What do you think about it? Except these influences they mentioned what about others? 

There is a piece of paper in your hand. Right? Read them and discuss in your group. 

How did the Second Industrial Revolution affect us?

[4 mins]

T: Ok, stop here. Now let’s have a plenary discussion. Who will be the first? Any volunteer?

S:….

T:

Source1.The population is increasing becouse the the second industrial revolution.

Source 2.The urbanization has bappened becouse the the second industrial revolution.

(生产力的发展推动了经济的发展,大批的劳动力涌入工业城市,巨大的新的城市人口能从世界各地区得到粮食的供养。

技术和医学上的进步使城市生活比较适合人们居住。充分供应洁净的水、保证充足的粮食供应以及预防和控制传染病等。

因此城市发展速度极快。)

Source 3.  The production efficiency has increasing . science and technology are the first productive forces.

说明科学技术大大提高了生产力。即“科技是第一生产力。”

 

Source 4.In addition, we will know the pollution from the Second Industrial Revolution

 IV. Conclusion:

Now let’s have a conclusion about the Second Industrial Revolution.

 We must see the positive and negative influences of the Second Industrial Revolution. 

Positive and negative are just like the two sides of things. Positive is good , negative is bad. Understand?

Ok, let’s see the positive influences. The Second Industrial Revolution developed scientific technology. 

Then the scientific technology developed productive forces. It made the productive forces increased over 200% in the world. So we say science and technology are the first productive forces.

Could you tell me what is the Chinese meaning?科技是第一生产力。

 

However on the other hand, let’s look at the negative influences of the Second Industrial Revolution.

(The environment is worsening because Peopleˊs activity.such as air pollution,ray pollution,water pollution and so on.

Beacouse the balance of nature has been breaking.people is suffering natural penalty.)

Now please look at this picture. Could you guess what does it mean?

The only one sentence is: It’s their fault. Now let’s have a discussion.

T: Very good.

T: From the historians’ saying. 历史学家在研究了人类史后认为:

“人类最光辉的成就大多导致了奠定文明基础的自然资源的毁灭。”

 

What do you think about?

 

发展科技的同时,不能破坏自然环境和生态平衡,否则索取财富的过程就是自掘坟墓的过程。

我们不能忘了人是“人”,不能忘了资源与环境是我们赖以生存的物质前提,不能忘了人与自然

是一个整体,必须和谐合一。

 

T: So when we are developing science and technology, don’t forget to protect our resources and environment. Let’s try our best! 

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