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百家争鸣

作者:无锡市北高中 来源:无锡市北高中 发布时间:2010年10月29日 点击数:

一、教学目标(Teaching  Aims

1 Getting to know the education idea of Confucius and basic history fact on Mengzi, Laozi, Hanfeizi and “百家争鸣”。

2 Analyse the history background of“百家争鸣”. Compare the ideas of Ru, Mo, Dao, Fa.

3、 Getting to know the produce of various thoughts and appearance of hundred school competition, which is a certain reflection of society change and development in Chuqiu periods.

4、students know some words: Confucianism(儒家)、Mohism(墨家)、Taoist(道家)a legalism(法家)

二、教学重点(Teaching Important Points

Getting to know the main thoughts accomplishment of Confucius and other schools.

三、教学难点(Teaching difficult points

Helping students distinguish the political opinions among various schools, helping them to know “百家争鸣”is the period outcome of big transform.

四、教学方法(Teaching Methods

Analyse and discussion

五、教具准备(Teaching Aid

Courseware

六、教学过程(Teaching course

1、新课导入(New lesson Lead- in)

 (Display one picture. Students answer what they have seen?)

学生回答:(略)

Teacher’s summary: A picture varies from different views. People in different epoch will have different ideas. The appearance of “百家争鸣” is a certain reflection of society change and development in Chunqiu periods. Look ! The deputies from every school are trying to publicize their thoughts.

2、学生表演(students performance

Students perfornance:students play the representative of Confucianism(儒家)、Mohism(墨家)、Taoist(道家)a legalism(法家),and publicize his doctrine,then teacher summarize.

 

学派

代表人物

代表作

主要思想

儒家

孔子、孟子

《论语》、《孟子》

仁政,民贵君轻

道家

老子、庄子

《道德经》、《庄子》

顺应自然,无为而治

墨家

墨子

《墨子》

“兼爱”、“非攻”

法家

韩非子

《韩非子》

“法治”,中央集权

3重点学派(key schools

在诸子百家中,影响最大的是儒家学派(In all the schools, the Confucianism is the most influential.)。

T:Who funded the confucianism?what was his achievement?

S:Confucius. His achievement is: 思想上提出“仁”的学说;教育上大开私学,广收学徒,提出了一系列的教育思想。

Confucius was a great thinker.①仁:people should love each other、 humility and harmonious. ②礼:人们的言行举止要符合社会规范。

Confucius was a great educator. ①教育对象:有教无类;②教学方法:因材施教;③学习态度:知之为知之,不知为不知;④学习方法:温故而知新。

孔子名言:

(1)子曰:德不孤,必有邻。 (有道德的人是不会孤单的,一定会有人来和他相伴。)

  ( 2)子曰:知之者不如好之,好之者不如乐者。(学习知识或本领,知道它的人不如爱好它的接受得快,爱好它的不如对其有兴趣的接受得快。)

(3)子曰:三人行,必有我师焉。

(4)子曰:有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎。(How happy we are.To meet friends from far away! )

(5)子曰:四海之内皆兄弟也。(All men are brothers !)

(6)子曰:礼之用,和为贵。(礼的应用,以和谐为贵。)

……

4、联系实际,学以致用(Checking the numbers and Study for use)

The ancient thoughts have been passed away for more than 2000 years. Are they still alive? Can we find them now ? Please check the “ Students regulations”. Could you find some points that include opinions of various schools? Which regulation matches the ancient thoughts?

Please make your suggestion for your class rules according to Confucianism, punishment of a legalism,self-consciousness from Taoist

 

5、课堂总结(class summatize)

Boys and girls ,today we know some doctrine of Spring and autumn and warring states. And know Confucianism、Mohism、Taoist、legalism′s viewpoints. Now let us think some examples.

Students:The handscroll of painting with“”in Olympic Games. The country in accordance with law.people and the natual should be harmony.

    T:Good, let us take the doctrine to our relatives and frieds.let our country more and more beautiful.

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